Indigenous Bilingual and Revitalization-Immersion Education in Canada and the USA
The sociolinguistic landscape in Native North America is defined by the combined realities of language loss and reclamation. In these contexts there is an overwhelming trend toward revitalization-immersion education undertaken in and out of school. The US Census data report 169 Native American languages spoken by 370,000 Native people; the Canadian Census data enumerate 240,815 Aboriginal people who report Aboriginal language conversational proficiency.
McIvor, O. & McCarty, T.L. (2017). Indigenous Bilingual and Revitalization-Immersion Education in Canada and the USA. In García, O., Lin, A., & May, S. (Eds), Bilingual and Multilingual Education. Encyclopedia of Language and Education (3rd ed.). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.